CBSE 12th Term-1 2021-22 : Sociology Important MCQ Questions with Answers

CBSE 12th Term-1 2021-22 : Sociology Important MCQ Questions with Answers

CBSE 12th Term-1 2021-22 : Sociology Important MCQ Questions with Answers

Check important questions & answers for Class 12 Sociology Board Exam 2021-22 (Term 1). Term 1 CBSE 12th Sociology board exam 2021-22 is scheduled for 1st December (as per CBSE Date Sheet 2021-22). Here we have published important MCQs from CBSE Class 12 Sample Paper. It is based on the revised CBSE Syllabus of Class 12 Sociology subject and all the questions published in this paper are important. 

Important MCQs for Term 1 CBSE Class 12 Sociology Board Exam 2021-22 From CBSE Sample Paper (Based On Revised CBSE Syllabus):

SECTION-A

Question 1. There is a close relationship between disability and poverty. Identify the option that does not hold true in this context.

(a) Malnutrition

(b) Frequent childbirth

(c) Inadequate immunisation

(d) High socio-economic status

Question 2. Which of the following does not lead to population explosion?

(a) Low level of economic development can lead to population explosion.

(b) It happens due to high birth rate and low death rate.

(c) It takes longer for society to alter reproductive behaviour.

(d) Reduced fertility rate

Question 3. India’s population is projected to increase from 1.2 billion today to an estimated 1.6 billion by 2050. This happens due to

a) Population momentum

b) Population explosion

c) Population policy

d) National Health Policy

Question 4. Ageing population implies

a) Low dependency ratio

b) High dependency ratio

c) Window of economic opportunity

d) High death rate

Question 5. Which of the following factors is not responsible for the caste system to become invisible for the upper caste, urban middle and upper classes in the contemporary period?

a) Subsidised public education

b) Expansion of state sector jobs after independence

c) opportunities offered by rapid development

d) no inherited educational or economic capital

Question 6. The newly married couple stays with the groom’s parents. Which form of family is this?

a) Patrilocal

b) Neolocal

c) Matrilocal

d) Avunculocal

Question 7. Unlike the death rate, does not register a sharp fall because it is a socio-cultural phenomenon.

a) Birth rate

b) Maternal mortality rate

c) Life expectancy

d) Dependency ratio

Question 8. Demographic data are not important for which of the following?

a) planning and implementation of state policies

b) economic development

c) general public welfare

d) Preventing disintegration of joint families

Question 9. The rate of natural increase is the difference between

a) Birth rate and maternal mortality rate

b) Maternal mortality rate and life expectancy

c) Dependency ratio and death rate

d) Birth rate and death rate

Question 10. Caste system imposes rules. Which of the following is incorrect in this context?

a) Caste groups are endogamous.

b) Caste is hierarchical system.

c) Occupational choices are open.

d) There are restrictions on food sharing.

Question 11. How did the British try to understand the complexity of caste system?

a) Interview

b) Survey

c) Participant Observation

d) Interview and Participant Observation

Question 12. Two broad sets of issues have been most important in giving rise to tribal movements control over vital economic resources and _____.

a) issues relating to matters of ethnic-cultural identity

b) globalisation

c) colonialism

d) secularisation

Question 13. It was in the and spheres that caste has proved strongest.

a) economic and technical

b) religious and technical

c) cultural and educational

d) cultural and domestic

Question 14. Just like caste in India, race in South Africa stratifies society into a hierarchy. This system is called.

a) Casteism

b) Apartheid

c) Tribalism

d) Untouchability

Question 15. The service and artisanal castes who occupied the lower rungs of the caste hierarchy are referred to as

a) Dalit

b) Scheduled Tribes

c) Bohras

d) OBCs

Question 16. is often grounded in stereotypes.

a) inclusion

b) Prejudice

c) Reservation

d) Accommodation

Question 17. People do not face discrimination and exclusion on the basis of:

a) Caste

b) Class

c) Gender

d) Family system

Question 18. Cultural diversity can present tough challenges. Which of the following is not a reason for the same?

a) It can arouse intense passions.

b) It can often mobilise large numbers of people.

c) Cultural identities are not significant.

d) Cultural differences are accompanied by economic and social inequalities.

Question 19. is the most recent significant initiative of the civil society which makes the state accountable to the nation and its people.

a) MGNREGA

b) BETI BACHAO BETI PADHAO

c) RTI

d) NATIONAL HEALTH POLICY

Question 20. Language coupled with and have provided the most powerful instrument for the formation of ethno-national identity in India.

a) region, religion

b) regional, tribal identity

c) Religion, class

d) Class, gender

Question 21. To be effective, the ideas of inclusive nationalism had to be built into the

a) Constitution

b) Parliament

c) Supreme Court

d) Legislature

Question 22. What criterion is used to define minority in the sociological sense?

a) Privilege

b) Only numerical distinction

c) Solidarity due to experience of disadvantage

d) Individualism

Question 23. states often limit or abolish civil liberties.

a) Authoritarian

b) Democratic

c) Civil Society

d) Libertarian

Question 24. Stree Purush Tulana, was written as a protest against the double standards of a male dominated society. The author of this book was

a) Tarabai Shinde

b) Savitri Phule

c) Annie Beasant

d) Anita Ghai

SECTION-B

Question 25. Scholars have shown that the inequalities between men and women are rather than .

a) Natural, Social

b) Social, Natural

c) Desirable, undesirable

d) Economic, racial

Question 26. Low child sex ratio cannot be attributed to which of the following factors

a) Illiteracy

b) Socio-cultural beliefs

c) Economic condition

d) Preference for girl child

Question 27. The city offers anonymity which is an important reason for rural to urban migration. Who enjoys this anonymity?

I. poorer sections of the socially dominant rural groups

II. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes

III. Women

IV. Children

a) I and II

b) II and III

c) I and IV

d) I and III

Question 28. Caste system can be understood as the combination of two sets of principles

a) Wholism-hierarchy and difference and separation

b) Segmental division and hereditary occupation

c) Exogamy and endogamy

d) Purity and Pollution

Question 29. Process involving our significant others, is important in developing a sense of community identity.

a) Socialisation

b) Secularisation

c) Globalisation

d) Marketisation

Question 30. Assertion: The emergence of sociology and its successful establishment as an academic discipline owed a lot to demography.

Reasoning: This happened due to the rise of nation-states and the emergence of the modern science of statistics.

a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

c) Both A and R are false.

d) A is false and R is true.

Question 31. When the growth rate is 0, the population is said to have reached

a) Replacement level

b) Negative growth

c) Positive growth

d) High birth rate

Question 32. Which of the demographic indicators are not used to calculate total fertility rate?

a) Number of live births in the reproductive age group

b) Age specific fertility rate

c) Sex ratio

d) Number of women in the child-bearing age group

Question 33. Kerala is beginning to acquire an age structure like that of the developed countries. Which of the following is true in this context?

a) High birth rate and high death rate

b) Low birth rate and low death rate

c) High birth rate and low death rate

d) Low birth rate and high death rate

Question 34. A state like Tripura had the tribal share of its population halved within a single decade, reducing them to a minority. Which of the following explains the given statement?

a) heavy in-migration of non-tribals

b) accommodation of tribal identity

c) climate change

d) community-based forms of collective ownership

Question 35. Assertion: Sanskritisation usually accompanies or follows a rise in the economic status of the caste attempting it.

Reason: Adopting the ritual, domestic and social practices of a caste (or castes) of higher status raises the social status of the members of middle or lower castes.

a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

c) Both A and R are false.

d) A is true and R is false.

Question 36. Among the Khasis, the family is

a) Patrilocal

b) Matrilocal

c) Avunculocal

d) neolocal

Question 37. Which of the statements is not true for the Khasi tribes?

a) Khasi matriliny generates intense role conflict for men.

b) Women possess only token authority in Khasi society.

c) Men are more adversely affected than the women by the role conflict among Khasis.

d) The system is weighted in favour of male matri-kin rather than male patri-kin.

Question 38. Which of the following is not true about the intervention of the colonial state and its impact on the institution of caste?

a) land revenue settlements and related arrangements and laws gave legal recognition to the customary (caste-based) rights of the upper castes.

b) Large scale irrigation schemes like the ones in the Punjab were accompanied by efforts to settle populations there, and these also had a caste dimension.

c) Colonial state did not work for the welfare of the downtrodden.

d) Direct attempt to count caste and to officially record caste status changed the institution itself.

Question 39. Soviet Union explicitly recognised that the peoples it governed were of different ‘nations’; the population of ‘non-resident’ Jamaicans exceeds that of ‘resident’ Jamaicans; Jewish Americans may be citizens of Israel as well as the USA; which of the following do the given examples signify?

a) Nations are easy to define and hard to describe.

b) States are difficult to define.

c) Nations are easy to describe and hard to define.

d) states cannot be described.

Question 40. Assertion: Most states feared that the recognition of cultural diversity would lead to social fragmentation and prevent the creation of a harmonious society.

Reason: Accommodating these differences is not challenging.

a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

c) A is true and R is false.

d) A is false and R is true.

Question 41. Parsis or Sikhs are examples of anomalous minority groups because of which of the following reasons?

a) They are religious minorities and economically well-off.

b) They are not politically vulnerable.

c) They do not need any special protection because of their demographic dominance.

d) They do not face any risk from majority community.

Question 42. Which of the following factors is not responsible for generating plurality of groups?

a) Large-scale migration

a) Modern capitalism

b) Colonialism

d) Assimilation and integration

Question 43. Choose the incorrect statement about communalism.

a) Communalism is about politics not about religion.

b) It cultivates an aggressive political identity.

c) It is a recurrent source of tension and violence.

d) A communalist is always a devout person.

Question 44. Assertion: Ritually highest caste – the Brahmins were subordinated to the secular power of kings and rulers belonging to the Kshatriya castes.

Reason: In strict scriptural terms, Brahmins were not supposed to amass wealth.

a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

c) Both A and R are false.

d) A is true and R is false.

Question 45. Prolonged experience of discriminatory or insulting behaviour often produces a reaction on the part of the excluded who then stop trying for inclusion. In this context choose the incorrect statement.

a) Dalits may build their own temple

b) convert to another religion

c) social exclusion is voluntary

d) they may no longer desire to be included in the Hindu temple or religious events

Question 46. The Independence of India in 1947 should have made life easier for adivasis but this was not the case. This is because of

a) Internal colonialism

b) British rule

c) Incompetency of tribal groups

d) Lack of unity among tribal groups

Question 47. State action alone cannot ensure social change for the Dalits. There are many other ways to bring about social change. Which of the following is not the correct option in this context?

a) Political organisation

b) contributions to literature

c) people’s movements

d) Legislations only

Question 48. A South American proverb says – “If hard labour were really such a good thing, the rich would keep it all for themselves!” What does this proverb imply?

a) Presence of social inclusion

b) Presence of equality

c) Presence of social stratification

d) Presence of homogeneity

SECTION-C

Read the given image and answer questions 49, 50, and 51.

Question 49. When does the bottom of a population pyramid become narrow?

a) Increase in birth rate

b) decrease in birth rate

c) High life expectancy

d) High fertility rate

Question 50. Which kind of society is depicted in this pyramid?

a) Developing

b) Developed

c) Underdeveloped

d) Primitive

Question 51. This pyramid does not indicate which of the following?

a) Demographic dividend

b) Low dependency ratio

c) Relatively low death rate

d) High birth rate

Read the following passage and answer the questions 52, 53 and 54.

The present study…deals with a Muslim biradri (community) called the Multani

Lohars. ... Karkhanedar is a vernacular term used for a person engaged in the

business of manufacturing of which he is generally the owner…The karkhanas

under study operate in domestic conditions and, therefore, have certain pervasive

effects on the life of the karkhanedars who work in them. …The following case

illustrates this. Mahmood, aged forty years, was living with his two younger

brothers, one of whom was married. He had three children and was the head of

the complex household. …All the three brothers were employed in various

karkhanas and factories as skilled workers. Mahmood successfully fabricated

replica of a motor part the import of which had been banned. This greatly

encouraged him to start his own karkhana…Later it was decided that two

karkhanas should be set up to manufacture the motor part. One was to be owned

by the two elder brothers, and the other by the youngest, provided he set up a

separate household. Rasheed set up an independent household, consisting of his

wife and unmarried children. Therefore, one complex household, comprising three

married brothers, gave birth to a simple household as a result of new

entrepreneurial opportunities. Excerpted from S.M. Akram Rizvi, ‘Kinship and

Industry among the Muslim Karkhanedars in Delhi’, in Imtiaz Ahmad, ed. Family,

Kinship and Marriage among Muslims in India, New Delhi, Manohar, 1976, pp. 27-48

Question 52. The given case states that the family type is

a) Matriarchal

b) Patriarchal

c) Matrilocal

d) Neolocal

Question 53. Along with family structures, which of the following has not undergone change?

a) Cultural ideas

b) Norms

c) Values

d) Hierarchical stratification in society

Question 54. As per the given passage, a complex household implies which of the following?

a) A household with more than one family

b) A household with no clear authority figure

c) A household with egalitarian decision making

d) A household with no married couples

Read the following passage and answer the questions 55, 56 and 57.

Strictly speaking, the ‘untouchable’ castes are outside the caste hierarchy – they

are considered to be so ‘impure’ that their mere touch severely pollutes members

of all other castes, bringing terrible punishment for the former and forcing the latter

to perform elaborate purification rituals. In fact, notions of ‘distance pollution’

existed in many regions of India (particularly in the south) such that even the mere

presence or the shadow of an ‘untouchable’ person is considered polluting.

Question 55. Despite the limited literal meaning of the word, the institution of ‘untouchability’

refers not just to the avoidance or prohibition of physical contact but to a much

broader set of social sanctions. Which of the following is not such a sanction?

a) prohibition from sharing drinking water sources

b) participating in collective religious worship

c) wearing clean clothes

d) imposition of gestures of deference

Question 56. The names used to refer to untouchables are all almost alwaysa) derogatory

b) respectful

c) neutral

d) loaded with a positive charge

Question 57. As per the understanding of distance pollution from the given passage, which of the following qualify as sources of distance pollution?

I. Mere presence

II. Shadow

III. Pollution associated with women during menstruation

V. Ceremonial pollution associated with death

a) I., II.

b) II., III.

c) III., IV.

d) I., IV

Read the following passage and answer the questions 58, 59 and 60.

Another set of complications is created by the tension between the Indian state’s

simultaneous commitment to secularism as well as the protection of minorities.

The protection of minorities requires that they be given special consideration in a

context where the normal working of the political system places them at a

disadvantage vis-à-vis the majority community. But providing such protection

immediately invites the accusation of favouritism or ‘appeasement’ of minorities.

Opponents argue that secularism of this sort is only an excuse to favour the

minorities in return for their votes or other kinds of support. Supporters argue that

without such special protection, secularism can turn into an excuse for imposing

the majority community’s values and norms on the minorities.

Question 58. As per the given passage, which of the following is true for India?

a) It follows the western definition of secularism

b) It has nothing to do with the western definition of secularism

c) It uses the western meaning of secularism and also involves other meanings

d) Religion is not at all associated with political power

Question 59. The complication mentioned in the passage is not due to

a) difficulty created by the tension between the western sense of the state maintaining a distance from all religions and the Indian sense of the state giving equal respect to all religions

b) perceived need to protect the minorities

c) accusation of favouritism

d) authoritarian state

Question 60. Which of the following does not convey the meaning of secularisation?

a) progressive retreat of religion from public life

b) rise of science and rationality

c) conversion of religion to mandatory obligation as opposed to voluntary practice

d) decline in the influence of religion

Answers of all questions:

SECTION-A

Question 1. d) High socio-economic status

Question 2. d) Reduced fertility rate

Question 3. a) Population momentum

Question 4. b)High dependency ratio

Question 5. d) no inherited educational or economic capital

Question 6. a) Patrilocal

Question 7. a) Birth rate

Question 8. d) Preventing disintegration of joint families

Question 9. d) Birth rate and death rate

Question 10.c) Occupational choices are open.

Question 11. b) Survey

Question 12. a) issues relating to matters of ethnic-cultural identity

Question 13. d) cultural and domestic

Question 14. b) Apartheid

Question 15. d) OBCs

Question 16. b) Prejudice

Question 17. d) Family system

Question 18. c) Cultural identities are not significant

Question 19. c) RTI

Question 20. b) regional, tribal identity

Question 21. a) Constitution

Question 22. c) Solidarity due to experience of disadvantage

Question 23. a) Authoritarian

Question 24. a) Tarabai Shinde

SECTION-B

Question 25. b) Social, Natural

Question 26. d) Preference for girl child

Question 27. a) I and II

Question 28. a) Wholism-hierarchy and difference and separation

Question 29. a) Socialisation

Question 30. a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Question 31. a) Replacement level

Question 32. c) Sex ratio

Question 33. b) Low birth rate and low death rate

Question 34. a) heavy in-migration of non-tribals

Question 35. a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Question 36. b) Matrilocal

Question 37. c) Men are more adversely affected than the women by the role conflict among Khasis.

Question 38. c) Colonial state did not work for the welfare of the downtrodden.

Question 39. c) Nations are easy to describe and hard to define.

Question 40. C ) A is true and R is false.

Question 41. a) They are religious minorities and economically well-off.

Question 42. d) Assimilation and integration

Question 43. d) A communalist is always a devout person.

Question 44. a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Question 45. c) social exclusion is voluntary.

Question 46. a) Internal colonialism

Question 47. d) Legislations only

Question 48. c) Presence of social stratification

SECTION-C

Question 49. b) decrease in birth rate

Question 50. b) Developed

Question 51. d) High birth rate

Question 52. b) Patriarchal

Question 53. d) Hierarchical stratification in society

Question 54. a) A household with more than one family

Question 55. c) wearing clean clothes

Question 56. a) derogatory

Question 57. a) I., II.

Question 58.c) It uses the western meaning of secularism and also involves other meanings

Question 59. d) authoritarian state

Question 60. c) conversion of religion to mandatory obligation as opposed to voluntary practice

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